China Aerospace: we still need to continue to straighten out the value chain
it is understood that the value-added figure of the technology obtained by the U.S. space program for the U.S. economy may exceed two countries. In recent years, countries are vigorously promoting the development and transformation of the plastic recycling granulator industry, amounting to $trillion. In the first 10 years of this century, the expected high profits will attract a large number of funds into the global space industry, with a figure of about $650 billion to $800 billion. By 2010, the recoverable assets of the United States in it will reach $500billion to $600billion; By 2020, the output value of the U.S. space industry will reach 10% to 15% of its GDP
in addition to the symbols of great powers, political needs, diplomatic needs, national defense needs, national self-confidence needs... An objective and practical question remains: what can the further progress of Aerospace Science and technology bring to China's economy? Can it become the main force to create the next technological era, as the United States controls the information age with the help of the Apollo program? How can it avoid the negative example of the unfavorable transformation of the former Soviet Union's space program to civilian use and the collapse of the national economy
aerospace technology is the locomotive of high-tech development. It may create a technological era in which China will dominate the world in the future, and then drive the development of related manufacturing and material industries
the information age under the radiation of "Apollo"
on July 21, 1969, Armstrong opened the door of the lunar module of Apollo-11 spacecraft, taking "a small step for individuals and a big step for mankind"
behind the Apollo manned lunar landing project is the largest and most expensive scientific and technological project investment in contemporary times. The project started in May 1961 and ended in December 1972 at a cost of US $25.5 billion. During the peak period, 20000 enterprises, more than 200 universities and more than 80 scientific research institutions participated in the project, with a total number of more than 300000
this project led to the emergence of a large number of high-tech industrial groups in the 1960s and 1970s, such as liquid fuel rockets, microwave radars, radio guidance, synthetic materials, computers, wireless communications (i.e. mobile communications)
later, the technological progress achievements made in the plan turned to civilian use, driving the development of science and technology and industrial prosperity, and more than 4000 high-tech patents and technologies were turned to civilian use. The benefits of secondary development and application far exceed the direct economic and social benefits brought by the Apollo program itself
some analysts said that IBM, HP, Microsoft, sun, at & T, Qualcomm and other U.S. commercial companies are more or less benefited from this and have made great strides. Boeing, GE and other companies directly benefit from the development of aerospace technology. Even the technology of down jackets and sneakers comes from the civilian use of Apollo technology
professor xushijie of Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics said: "Apollo has promoted the pace of the information age. It has made a technological leap in an era. Almost all technological fields in the United States have benefited from this investment in the 1960s and 1970s. The demand and development of aerospace technology, satellite communications, mobile communications, material science, computers, command and control technology, etc. brought by the Apollo program have made the United States win the next technological era - the information age." Control. "
what will Aerospace Science and technology bring to China
Aerospace Science and technology will undoubtedly drive the development of science and technology, promote the progress of high-tech and economic developmentSong Yichang, a popular science scientist, said that the aerospace application functions of Aerospace Science and technology, various systems of the spacecraft itself, carrier rocket systems, rocket launch systems, surveying and mapping systems, and the aerospace manufacturing systems, aerospace design technologies, and aerospace management systems that support the spacecraft can all be used for civilian purposes and become the driving force for the development of high-tech technology
it has an absolute driving force for the research of new civil materials, electronic components, instruments and meters, radar optical equipment, computer functions, robotics, central control system research and development, software research and development capabilities, medical equipment, medical technology, national surveying and mapping, wireless communication and wireless communication applications
if market research and development keep pace with the pace of military to civilian conversion, China may therefore dominate the new technological era, some experts said
at the end of last year, this unnamed expert recorded the ratio H0 of diameter d/seeking a cost-effective procurement strategy has become the mainstream of the market. D the relevant person pointed out: "The role brought about by the secondary development of space technology includes the promotion of spacecraft and space technology itself, as well as high-tech industries such as artificial skills, robots, remote control operations, office automation, supersonic flight, optical communication, data processing, ultra-high strength and ultra-high temperature materials, electric energy microwave transmission, pollution-free aircraft, and space life research."
"especially in the fields of ultra long distance electric energy microwave transmission, optical communication, robotics, remote sensing technology, material technology and information technology", Professor xushijie of Beihang also emphasized at that time. China still has opportunities. It is revealed that China is now striving to establish a space-based information system integrating heaven and earth with the application of satellites as the main platform, focusing on solving the country's urgent problems and hot issues in the areas of information superhighway, television education, environmental pollution, traffic navigation and so on
waiting to straighten out the value chain
last year, it was reported that China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation was the main executive agency for lunar exploration in China, and the supporting departments were the National Observatory, the people's Liberation Army and some academies of Sciences. At that time, a relevant expert told that "there are not many factories involved in the moon landing plan, which are almost entirely done by national forces"
according to a research report obtained, China is trying to study the benefits that lunar landing can bring to the country in many aspects, including national defense, scientific and technological development, and the display of national strength. However, the research report points out that the biggest problem of landing on the moon is the problem of funds, although compared with the landing on the moon in the United States, the basic conditions in China are already very good. An official revealed that the manned space flight project has been more than ten years now, with a total investment of 18billion yuan for the state. If it continues to be fully borne by the state in the future, an astronomical figure will be highlighted. The cost of manned lunar landing alone will cost 5billion dollars. In addition, it also requires the continued experimental development of huge funds and the difficult journey on the road from military to civilian
the value chain of China's aerospace development is far from being straightened out, and the development of aerospace technology itself and secondary development and application, that is, conversion to civilian use, is still limited. A large number of private high-tech enterprises with funds are limited to aerospace technology. "They come with funds in order to develop their own technical and commercial interests, but they are blocked outside the door." industry insiders said: "at the other end of the value chain, China's aerospace technology development needs huge and even astronomical investment."
referring to the experience of the United States, NASA focuses its work in the field of space applications on technology research and development, rather than on use. Once a technology is verified, it will be used by other government agencies or the private sector. Experts said, "China is gradually opening up this field."